Family Kinglets and Firecrests (Regulidae)

Least Concern

Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa)


Taxonomy

French: Roitelet à couronne dorée German: Indianergoldhähnchen Spanish: Reyezuelo sátrapa
Taxonomy:

Regulus satrapa

M. H. C. Lichtenstein

, 1823,

North America

.

Traditionally considered closely related to, or even conspecific with, R. ignicapilla on basis of morphological features; molecular and acoustic data, however, suggest a sister-species relationship with R. regulus, but highly differentiated from latter in vocalizations and genetic markers. Race clarus weakly differentiated from aztecus, and possibly better merged with it. Described race amoenus (ranging from S Alaska and S Yukon S through interior mountains to S California, Utah and Colorado) tentatively synonymized with apache. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • R. s. olivaceus S. F. Baird, 1864 – SE Alaska and extreme SW Canada (coastal British Columbia) S in coastal W USA to Oregon; non-breeding also S to S California.
  • R. s. apache Jenks, 1936 – interior Alaska and SW Canada (S Yukon) S through Cascades and Rocky Mts to SW USA (S to S California and New Mexico); non-breeding also S to N Mexico.
  • R. s. satrapa M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823 – S Canada (except in W) and NE & E USA (S in Appalachian Mts to Tennessee).
  • R. s. aztecus Lawrence, 1887 – SC Mexico (mountains from Jalisco and Michoacán E to S Hidalgo and S to C Oaxaca).
  • R. s. clarus Dearborn, 1907 – mountains of S Mexico (Chiapas) and S Guatemala.
  • Descriptive notes

    8–11 cm; 5–6 g. Tiny, dark olive-green passerine with prominent head pattern. Male nominate race has intensely yellow crown with few orange feathers mixed in,... read more

    Voice

    Territorial song in two parts, main part a series of whistled “seeeh” notes ascending... read more

    Habitat

    Conifer forests, preferably mature stands at least 80 years of age and with closed canopy; also in... read more

    Food and feeding

    Variety of insectsMale with prey and spiders (Araneae), including their larvae and eggs. Forages mainly by clinging and hanging from twigs... read more

    Breeding

    Season May–Aug; first nest-building activities early May, laying from second week of May; two broods per season, initiation of second... read more

    Movements

    North American populations chiefly migratory, but resident throughout large parts of W (coastal... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common. According to large-scale North American Breeding Bird Survey (by USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center), local populations are stable, with... read more

    Recommended citation

    Martens, J. & Päckert, M. (2019). Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58058 on 21 January 2019).