French: Roitelet à couronne dorée German: Indianergoldhähnchen Spanish: Reyezuelo sátrapa
M. H. C. Lichtenstein
Subspecies and Distribution
R. s. olivaceus
S. F. Baird, 1864 – SE Alaska and extreme SW Canada (coastal British Columbia) S in coastal W USA to Oregon; non-breeding also S to S California.
R. s. apache
Jenks, 1936 – interior Alaska and SW Canada (S Yukon) S through Cascades and Rocky Mts to SW USA (S to S California and New Mexico); non-breeding also S to N Mexico.
R. s. satrapa
M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823 – S Canada (except in W) and NE & E USA (S in Appalachian Mts to Tennessee).
R. s. aztecus
Lawrence, 1887 – SC Mexico (mountains from Jalisco and Michoacán E to S Hidalgo and S to C Oaxaca).
R. s. clarus
Dearborn, 1907 – mountains of S Mexico (Chiapas) and S Guatemala.
8–11 cm; 5–6 g. Tiny, dark olive-green passerine with prominent head pattern. Male nominate race has intensely yellow crown with few orange feathers mixed in,... read more
Territorial song in two parts, main part a series of whistled “seeeh” notes ascending... read more
Conifer forests, preferably mature stands at least 80 years of age and with closed canopy; also in... read more
Food and feeding
Variety of insectsMale with prey and spiders (Araneae), including their larvae and eggs. Forages mainly by clinging and hanging from twigs... read more
Season May–Aug; first nest-building activities early May, laying from second week of May; two broods per season, initiation of second... read more
North American populations chiefly migratory, but resident throughout large parts of W (coastal... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common. According to large-scale North American Breeding Bird Survey (by USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center), local populations are stable, with... read more
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