Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Golden-crowned Spadebill (Platyrinchus coronatus)


Taxonomy

French: Platyrhynque à tête d’or German: Goldkappen-Spatelschnabeltyrann Spanish: Picoplano coronado
Taxonomy:

Platyrhynchus coronatus

P. L. Sclater

, 1858,

Río Napo, Ecuador

.

In DNA study of trans-Amazonian variation of forest birds#R, found to show greater divergence across Andes than across Amazonia. True taxonomic status of races uncertain; further research required. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. c. superciliaris Lawrence, 1863 – N & E Honduras S to N & W Colombia (Caribbean lowlands, N base of Andes to middle Magdalena Valley in W Santander, and Pacific lowlands) and NW Ecuador (S to Manabí).
  • P. c. coronatus P. L. Sclater, 1858 – S Venezuela (Amazonas), SE Colombia (S from W Caquetá and NE Amazonas) and E Ecuador S to E Peru, NW & W Brazil (upper R Negro and, S of Amazon, E to R Xingu area and S to NW Mato Grosso) and N Bolivia (S to La Paz).
  • P. c. gumia (Bangs & T. E. Penard, 1918) – SE Venezuela (C & E Bolívar), the Guianas and adjacent N Brazil (upper R Branco E to Amapá).
  • Descriptive notes

    8·5–9 cm; 8–9 g. Small spadebill with bold facial pattern, prominent rictal bristles. Has pale buff-yellow (or olive-tinged) supraloral band, eyering, auricular... read more

    Voice

    Song a quiet insect-like trill, “se’e’e’e’e’e’r’r’r’r’e’e’e” or “bzee-eee-eéep”, descends in pitch... read more

    Habitat

    Dark understorey of humid forest (both terra firme and várzea) and adjacent tall... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet includes beetles (Coleoptera), caterpillars, small grasshoppers (Orthoptera), spiders (Araneae), and other small arthropods. Occur in... read more

    Breeding

    Apr–Jun in Costa Rica and Jul in Panama; in Colombia, Jan–Apr in NW and Aug in SE. Makes short display-flights between perches... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common or locally common; probably often overlooked. Occurs in many national parks and other protected areas throughout its range... read more

    Recommended citation

    Tello, J. & Christie, D.A. (2018). Golden-crowned Spadebill (Platyrinchus coronatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57318 on 13 November 2018).