Family Vireos (Vireonidae)

Least Concern

Golden-fronted Greenlet (Pachysylvia aurantiifrons)


French: Viréon à front d’or German: Goldstirnvireo Spanish: Verdillo luisucho

Hylophilus aurantiifrons


, 1861,

Panama Railroad, Panama


Genetic data#R indicate that this species is sister to P. semibrunnea. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. a. aurantiifrons (Lawrence, 1861) – E Panama (E from Herrera and S Coclé) and N Colombia.
  • P. a. helvina (Wetmore & Phelps, Jr, 1956) – NW Venezuela (W Zulia S to N Mérida and S Táchira).
  • P. a. saturata Hellmayr, 1906 – E Colombia (Arauca, Boyacá), N Venezuela (E from E Zulia, S to R Apure and R Orinoco), and Trinidad.
  • Descriptive notes

    11–12 cm; 7·5–12 g, mean 9·5 g. Nominate race has top of head buffy brown, forehead more olive-ochre; upperparts greenish-brown, becoming more yellowish-green on... read more


    Song a short, quick semi-musical "de-wichy-de-wééter", repeated. Calls include double... read more


    Dry scrub, woodland edges, and second growth; also borders of more humid woodland, gallery forest,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food small insects and spiders (Araneae). Forages usually fairly low down. Very active, often hanging upside-down to glean from undersides... read more


    Nests described only from Trinidad, where season from Jul (possibly Apr) to Oct; birds in breeding condition and juveniles seen in Aug in... read more


    Apparently sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Quite common over much of range; common in Venezuela. Appears able to adapt to some man-modified habitats, e.g. gardens and plantations.

    Recommended citation

    Brewer, D. (2020). Golden-fronted Greenlet (Pachysylvia aurantiifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).