French: Viréon à front d’or German: Goldstirnvireo Spanish: Verdillo luisucho
Panama Railroad, Panama
Subspecies and Distribution
P. a. aurantiifrons
(Lawrence, 1861) – E Panama (E from Herrera and S Coclé) and N Colombia.
P. a. helvina
(Wetmore & Phelps, Jr, 1956) – NW Venezuela (W Zulia S to N Mérida and S Táchira).
P. a. saturata
Hellmayr, 1906 – E Colombia (Arauca, Boyacá), N Venezuela (E from E Zulia, S to R Apure and R Orinoco), and Trinidad.
11–12 cm; 7·5–12 g, mean 9·5 g. Nominate race has top of head buffy brown, forehead more olive-ochre; upperparts greenish-brown, becoming more yellowish-green on... read more
Song a short, quick semi-musical "de-wichy-de-wééter", repeated. Calls include double... read more
Dry scrub, woodland edges, and second growth; also borders of more humid woodland, gallery forest,... read more
Food and feeding
Food small insects and spiders (Araneae). Forages usually fairly low down. Very active, often hanging upside-down to glean from undersides... read more
Nests described only from Trinidad, where season from Jul (possibly Apr) to Oct; birds in breeding condition and juveniles seen in Aug in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Quite common over much of range; common in Venezuela. Appears able to adapt to some man-modified habitats, e.g. gardens and plantations.
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