Family Leafbirds (Chloropseidae)

Least Concern

Golden-fronted Leafbird (Chloropsis aurifrons)


French: Verdin à front d’or German: Goldstirn-Blattvogel Spanish: Verdín frentidorado

Phyllornis aurifrons


, 1829,

Cachar, Assam, north-east India


See remarks under C. media. Race insularis is sister to all other races and because of this it has been suggested that it might be recognized at species level#R, but morphological differences are slight. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. a. aurifrons (Temminck, 1829) – Golden-fronted Leafbird – NE Indian Subcontinent (E in Himalayan foothills from Himachal Pradesh, S to Odisha) and N, W & C Myanmar.
  • C. a. frontalis (Pelzeln, 1856) – W & E India (S from S Gujarat and the Satpura Range and, in E, from C Odisha).
  • C. a. pridii Deignan, 1946 – S China (SW Yunnan), E & S Myanmar, NW & W Thailand and N & C Laos.
  • C. a. inornata Kloss, 1918 – EC & E Thailand, S Laos and C Vietnam.
  • C. a. incompta Deignan, 1948 – SW & SE Thailand, Cambodia and S Vietnam.
  • C. a. insularis Whistler & Kinnear, 1932 – Sri Lanka Leafbird – far SW India and Sri Lanka.
  • Descriptive notes

    17–19 cm. Male nominate race has orange forehead and forecrown; black mask extending from lores and eye to lower throat, within which entire chin, upper throat and... read more


    Song, mostly from outer end of high branch at or just below canopy summit, a high-pitched,... read more


    Canopy of deciduous forest to relatively open semi-evergreen to fully evergreen broadleaf forests,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Generalist; diet arthropods, fruits and nectar. Loners, pairs or small parties forage for arthropods in canopy foliage, often acrobatically... read more


    Through Indian Subcontinent overall some breeding occurs in all months, but with regional variation, thus in Feb–Aug (peak Jun/Jul)... read more


    Mainly resident; slope-living populations in Himalayan foothills said to perform short-range... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common throughout most of range. Trade in this species, however, is heavy, and many of its populations are depressed by trapping for... read more

    Recommended citation

    Wells, D. (2019). Golden-fronted Leafbird (Chloropsis aurifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 March 2019).