Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Golden-rumped Euphonia (Euphonia cyanocephala)


French: Organiste doré German: Goldbürzelorganist Spanish: Eufonia culidorada

Pipra cyanocephala


, 1819,



See remarks under E. elegantissima. Species sometimes referred to by name E. aureata, but present name has priority#R. Taxonomic status of population in SE Brazil, Paraguay and NE Argentina merits investigation because of its apparent isolation, although note recent records from intervening areas. Proposed race intermedia (described from NE Colombia) is difficult to diagnose; measurements overlap with those of nominate and no certain colour differences separate it from latter, into which it is therefore subsumed. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. c. pelzelni P. L. Sclater, 1886 – S Colombia and W Ecuador (S to Chimborazo).
  • E. c. insignis P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1877 – E slope of Andes in Ecuador (Azuay and Loja).
  • E. c. cyanocephala (Vieillot, 1819) – Sierra de Perijá (Colombia–Venezuela border) and Venezuela (Andes, coastal cordilleras, and locally SE Bolívar) E locally through C Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana; Trinidad; and Andes of Colombia (except S), Ecuador, Peru S to Bolivia and NW Argentina (S to Tucumán); also E & SE Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, SW Goiás and S Mato Grosso do Sul S to Rio Grande do Sul), SE Paraguay and NE Argentina (W to E Chaco). Isolated records from NC & SC Brazil (Pará, Mato Grosso), SE Bolivia (E Santa Cruz)#R and C Argentina (San Luis, N Buenos Aires).
  • Descriptive notes

    11 cm; 15–16 g. Small euphonia with blue cap and golden rump. Male nominate race has forehead and face (from top of eye) extending back across ear-coverts and down to... read more


    Song in Venezuela and Colombia, lasting up to c. 10 seconds (occasionally to 30 seconds), a very... read more


    Forest borders, second-growth woodland, disturbed or partially open areas, and shady coffee... read more

    Food and feeding

    Almost entirely frugivorous, apparently also some insects. One stomach contained only fruit pulp. Seeds pass rapidly through gut; mistletoe... read more


    Nests in Jan and Feb in Venezuela (Aragua and Trujillo); and two nests in Apr and May and 13 birds in breeding condition Dec–May in... read more


    Believed to wander locally when not breeding. Possible seasonal movements to lower elevation, but... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to fairly common; local. Occurs over a wide range of elevations and habitats, including many non-forest, forest-edge and... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2020). Golden-rumped Euphonia (Euphonia cyanocephala). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).