Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Golden Starfrontlet (Coeligena eos)


French: Inca doré German: Goldandenkolibri Spanish: Inca alirrufo

Helianthea Eos


, 1848,

higher altitudes of the Sierra de Mérida, Venezuela


Traditionally considered a race of C. bonapartei, but treated as a separate species in HBW on the basis of plumage characters, here enumerated as coppery-brown vs green sheen on back, belly and both sides of tail (4); violet-blue vs royal-blue throat patch (1); golden-green vs green breast and neck sides (2); for differences from C. consita, split here for first time, see that species. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Andes of W Venezuela in S Lara, Trujillo, NW Barinas, Mérida and Táchira.

Descriptive notes

c. 14 cm; male c. 6·8 g, female c. 6·4 g. Male has long, straight, black bill, shorter than in other Coeligena; plumage characters are similar to C... read more


No information.


Cloudforest and dwarf forest, openings with scattered vegetation, sometimes near páramo... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on nectar of flowering Bomarea, Cavendishia, Fuchsia, Macleania, Mutisia and ... read more


Jan–Mar. Nest cup-shaped, made of moss, lichens and rootlets, lined with soft plant material such as fibres of Bromeliad seeds,... read more


Possibly seasonal altitudinal dispersal after breeding and following flowering food plants.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Range is protected by two national parks and there is at present no threat of deforestation. Species is not known to accept man-made... read more

Recommended citation

Züchner, T. & Boesman, P. (2020). Golden Starfrontlet (Coeligena eos). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).