Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)


Golden Swallow (Tachycineta euchrysea)


French: Hirondelle dorée German: Antillenschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina dorada

Hirundo euchrysea


, 1847,



Has sometimes been separated in monospecific Kalochelidon (Lamprochelidon is a junior synonym); but DNA studies#R#R indicate close relationship with T. thalassina and T. cyaneoviridis. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. e. euchrysea (Gosse, 1847) – Jamaica (possibly extinct#R).
  • T. e. sclateri (Cory, 1884) – Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic).
  • Descriptive notes

    12–12·5 cm. Male is strongly iridescent bronzy green to coppery bronze above, upperparts often appearing golden; wings and tail dusky bronze-green, tail slightly... read more


    A “tchee-weet” call has been recorded.


    Montane humid forest and pine (Pinus) forest at up to 2000 m, also secondary forest.... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet includes beetles (Coleoptera) and parasitic wasps (Hymenoptera). Feeds alone or in small groups, often low over the ground.


    Season Jun–Jul in Jamaica; also Apr in Haiti and Dominican Republic. Often colonial. Nest made of vegetable fibres, lined with fibres... read more


    Resident; may move to lower altitudes after breeding.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA and Hispaniola EBA. Total population estimated at 2500–10,000 individuals within small and fragmented range... read more

    Recommended citation

    Turner, A. & de Juana, E. (2020). Golden Swallow (Tachycineta euchrysea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).