Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Vulnerable

Golden Swallow (Tachycineta euchrysea)


Taxonomy

French: Hirondelle dorée German: Antillenschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina dorada
Taxonomy:

Hirundo euchrysea

Gosse

, 1847,

Jamaica

.

Has sometimes been separated in monospecific Kalochelidon (Lamprochelidon is a junior synonym); but DNA studies#R#R indicate close relationship with T. thalassina and T. cyaneoviridis. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. e. euchrysea (Gosse, 1847) – Jamaica (possibly extinct#R).
  • T. e. sclateri (Cory, 1884) – Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic).
  • Descriptive notes

    12–12·5 cm. Male is strongly iridescent bronzy green to coppery bronze above, upperparts often appearing golden; wings and tail dusky bronze-green, tail slightly... read more

    Voice

    A “tchee-weet” call has been recorded.

    Habitat

    Montane humid forest and pine (Pinus) forest at up to 2000 m, also secondary forest.... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet includes beetles (Coleoptera) and parasitic wasps (Hymenoptera). Feeds alone or in small groups, often low over the ground.

    Breeding

    Season Jun–Jul in Jamaica; also Apr in Haiti and Dominican Republic. Often colonial. Nest made of vegetable fibres, lined with fibres... read more

    Movements

    Resident; may move to lower altitudes after breeding.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA and Hispaniola EBA. Total population estimated at 2500–10,000 individuals within small and fragmented range... read more

    Recommended citation

    Turner, A. & de Juana, E. (2020). Golden Swallow (Tachycineta euchrysea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57702 on 26 February 2020).