Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Golden-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris chrysoptera)


French: Toui para German: Braunkinnsittich Spanish: Catita alidorada

Psittacus chrysopterus


, 1766,

India; error = “Guiana”


DNA study indicates that present species and B. cyanoptera are sister-species, the two in turn being sister to the pair B. pyrrhoptera and B. jugularis#R. Race solimoensis sometimes included within nominate. Five subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • B. c. chrysoptera (Linnaeus, 1766) – NE Venezuela SE through the Guianas to CN Brazil (Roraima E to Amapá).
  • B. c. tenuifrons Friedmann, 1945 – upper R Negro, in NW Brazil.
  • B. c. solimoensis Gyldenstolpe, 1941 – middle Amazon from Codajás to Manaus (NC Brazil).
  • B. c. tuipara (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – S of Amazon from R Tapajós E to Maranhão (NC Brazil).
  • B. c. chrysosema P. L. Sclater, 1864 – R Madeira and tributaries S to N Mato Grosso, in W Brazil.
  • Descriptive notes

    16 cm; 47–80 g. Close to B. cyanoptera but primary-coverts bright orange, chin spot orange-brown, blue in flight-feathers greatly reduced; has brownish frontal... read more


    Common calls include a high-pitched “klee”, shrill “chree” or bisyllabic “chree-chree”, given both... read more


    Cloud forest to 1200 m N of Orinoco, elsewhere lowland primary rain forest, second-growth along... read more

    Food and feeding

    Largely concentrates on flowers, taking nectar of e.g. Noranthea, Inga laterifolia, Erythrina amazonica, ... read more


    Occupied nest-holes in Feb, Apr, Sept and Nov in Surinam; Apr, Jul–Aug and Nov in French Guiana, where numerous flying young observed... read more


    Some irregular wandering suggested by records near Paramaribo, Surinam, in Jul–Aug and Oct... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally common to abundant, even in cities, in all range states, and is relatively little traded. There have been some local declines in E... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Bonan, A. & Boesman, P. (2019). Golden-winged Parakeet (Brotogeris chrysoptera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 September 2019).