French: Héron goliath German: Goliathreiher Spanish: Garza goliat
Bahr el Abiad = White Nile
Africa S of Sahara; SW Saudi Arabia, SW Yemen, Iraq and S Iran; recorded (and breeding inferred) at scattered sites in Indian Subcontinent from Pakistan to Bangladesh and S into Sri Lanka.
135–150 cm; 4310–4468 g; wingspan 210–230 cm. Sexes alike, although female is generally smaller and has shorter bill. Largest heron, with large and very... read more
Most typical is a deep, raucous “kowoorrk-kowoorrk-woorrk-work-worrk” of up to seven notes that can... read more
Normally near water, fresh or salt; frequently found in shallow water along lakeshores, also... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly large fish (e.g. mullet Mugil, tilapia Sarotherodon, barbel Barbus, bream Acanthopagnus, carp... read more
Normally during rains; in some places all year, e.g. S Africa (Zimbabwe and Zambia); on occasions does not breed each year, but only when... read more
Sedentary; dispersive or nomadic movements in some areas in response to seasonal changes in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). No overall estimate of population, but 2500–4000 birds in Tanzania. Generally frequent throughout Africa, locally common, e.g.... read more
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