Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Near Threatened

Gouldian Finch (Chloebia gouldiae)


French: Diamant de Gould German: Gouldamadine Spanish: Diamante de Gould

Amadina Gouldiae


, 1844,

Victoria River, Northern Territory, Australia


Occurs in three morphs: black-headed; and, much rarer, red-headed and golden-headed. Monotypic.


N Australia N of 20° S: in N Western Australia (Kimberley Division), N Northern Territory, and N Queensland (mainly at base of Cape York Peninsula).

Descriptive notes

15 cm (including tail of 4 cm); 10·5-16 g. Male of black-headed morph (most common) has forehead, crown and face to upper throat black, black bordered with light blue... read more


Close contact call "sit" or "ssit", singly or in series; distance contact call... read more


Grassy open forest and woodlands in a mosaic of burnt and unburnt woodland in semi-arid regions,... read more

Food and feeding

Grass seeds, half-ripe and ripe, especially those of Sorghum, other seeds mainly in wet season (when Sorghum germinates... read more


Recorded in all months except Oct: May–Jun in Western Australia (Kimberley), Dec–Apr (late wet season) in Northern Territory,... read more


Resident, with short-distance dispersal from breeding areas in early wet season, after germination... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Scarce to uncommon, and local. Has suffered substantial decline as a result of habitat modification; decline... read more

Recommended citation

Payne, R., Christie, D.A., de Juana, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Gouldian Finch (Chloebia gouldiae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).