Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Gould's Inca (Coeligena inca)


French: Inca de Gould German: Inkaandenkolibri Spanish: Inca de Gould

Bourcieria inca


, 1852,

Coroico, Bolivia


Relationships uncertain within the complex containing C. conradii, C. torquata, C. eisenmanni and present species (also relationship to C. prunellei and C. wilsoni); further studies needed (see also C. torquata). Present species traditionally considered conspecific with C. torquata (which see). Race omissa doubtfully valid, as the characters distinguished are very weak and not constant. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. i. omissa J. T. Zimmer, 1948 – Andes of SE Peru from E Cuzco (Urubamba) to Puno.
  • C. i. inca (Gould, 1852) – Andes of Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba).
  • Descriptive notes

    c. 14·5 cm; 6·8–7·2 g. Male has long, straight, black bill; head black with green frontlet, postocular spot white; upper­parts golden-green,... read more


    No information.


    Understorey and lower canopy of wet montane forest, at 1600–3200 m (but see Movements).... read more

    Food and feeding

    Takes nectar of flowering epiphytic ericads, vines, climbers and bromeliads, mainly with long tubular pendent corollas; has been observed... read more


    No formal descriptions of breeding biology exist, but the nest is apparently very similar to that of C. torquata, and the species... read more


    Single record from c. 200 m in Nov was apparently in response to very cold weather at higher... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally common. Part of range is protected by nature reserves and national parks. No evidence available at present that species can adapt... read more

    Recommended citation

    Züchner, T., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Gould's Inca (Coeligena inca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 May 2019).