French: Paruline de Grace German: Arizonawaldsänger Spanish: Reinita de Grace
S. F. Baird
Fort Whipple, near Prescott, Arizona, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
S. g. graciae
(S. F. Baird, 1865) – SW USA (S from S Nevada, S Utah and S Colorado) and NW Mexico (S to N Sinaloa); winters mainly in W & C Mexico.
S. g. yaegeri
(A. R. Phillips & Webster, 1961) – E slope of Sierra Madre Occidental (from S Sinaloa and Durango S to W Jalisco), in W Mexico; in winter S to Michoacán.
S. g. remota
(Griscom, 1935) – highlands from S Mexico (Michoacán) S to W Nicaragua.
S. g. decora
(Ridgway, 1873) – lowlands in Belize, E Honduras and NE Nicaragua.
13 cm; 7·5–9·1 g. Male nominate race has grey crown, laterally edged black, broad yellow supercilium becoming white behind eye, yellow lower eye-... read more
Song a series of downslurred whistled notes, given rapidly, and accelerating and rising in pitch... read more
In N & C parts of range breeds in pine and pine-oak (Pinus-Quercus) forests,... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds predominantly on insects and other arthropods. Forages mainly high in canopy, gleaning from leaves and twigs and probing terminal... read more
Season May–Jul, egg-laying May–Jun. Nest a compact, rather flat cup of oak catkins, grass and spider webs, lined with hair,... read more
Resident and medium-distance migrant. S races sedentary, although some remota may move to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common throughout most of range. Density estimates include 2·25 pairs/km of transect in S Arizona and N Mexico, 20 pairs/40 ha in pine forest... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!