French: Grand Héron German: Kanadareiher Spanish: Garza azulada
Other common names:
Great White Heron (white morph)
America = Hudson Bay, Canada
Subspecies and Distribution
A. h. fannini
Chapman, 1901 – SE Alaska to coastal Washington (NW USA).
A. h. wardi
Ridgway, 1882 – SW Canada and W USA S to NW Mexico; N populations winter S to N Central America.
A. h. herodias
Linnaeus, 1758 – S Canada (Alberta E to Nova Scotia) S through C & E USA to E Mexico (S to Tabasco); winters S to West Indies, Central America and NW South America.
A. h. occidentalis
Audubon, 1835 – S Florida and Yucatán Peninsula through West Indies to islands off N Venezuela.
A. h. cognata
Bangs, 1903 – Galapagos Is.
91–137 cm; 1750–3629 g; wingspan 170–190 cm. Fundamentally allopatric A. cocoi (in S South America) and A. cinerea (of Eurasia) are... read more
Gives harsh, deep “frawnk” in alarm, when disturbed, taking flight and aggression, but this call is... read more
Habitat generalist: river and lake margins, wet meadows, marshes, swamps, fields, also sewage ponds... read more
Food and feeding
Fish, including pike (Esox lucius), as well as Micropterus and Lepomis, up to 30 cm, and smalltooth bass up to... read more
Feb–May in most of North America including most of Mexico, and Cuba, but continuing until Aug; year-round in Florida, peak in Dec... read more
Marked post-breeding dispersal in North America, especially in NC of continent, mainly in Sept... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common and apparently stable in North America since 1930s, with 8016 breeding birds counted along US Atlantic coast in 1976, and 4000... read more
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