Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)


French: Tyran huppé German: Gelbbauch-Schopftyrann Spanish: Copetón viajero

[Turdus] crinitus


, 1758,

South Carolina, United States


See M. tyrannulus. Birds from NE USA (Massachusetts) separated as race boreus on basis of bill size, but variation is clinal. Monotypic.


S Canada (EC Alberta E to S Manitoba, extreme W & SE Ontario, S Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, occasionally Prince Edward I) and E USA (E from C North Dakota, NE & SW South Dakota, C Nebraska, NE Colorado, Oklahoma and S Texas); probably also extreme N Mexico (NE Coahuila). Winters in SE USA (S Florida), and S Mexico through Central America to W & N Colombia and NW Venezuela.

Descriptive notes

18–21·5 cm; 27·2–39·6 g. Large, boldly marked Myiarchus. Plumage is olive-green above, crown with dark feather centres giving... read more


Diagnostic vocalization a rising “wheee-eep” often given in excited series, “whee... read more


Open deciduous woodlands and edges of clearings. Old orchards, wooded pastures and riparian... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and other invertebrates, also small berries and other fruits. Captures insects on wing by sallying from a perch, by outward hover-... read more


From Mar–Apr in S of range; later, from May–Jun, in N. Nest in natural or artificial cavity up to 1·8 m deep, filled... read more


Migratory. Winters in SE USA (S Florida) and from S Mexico (S from S Veracruz and N Oaxaca) S to E... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common. Estimated global population 7,500,000 individuals. Breeding range has expanded, especially in Canada, for... read more

Recommended citation

Joseph, L. (2019). Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).