French: Frégate du Pacifique German: Bindenfregattvogel Spanish: Rabihorcado grande
Other common names:
J. F. Gmelin
Christmas Island, east Indian Ocean
Subspecies and Distribution
F. m. aldabrensis
Mathews, 1914 – W Indian Ocean (Aldabra, Comoros, Europa I).
F. m. minor
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – C & E Indian Ocean to SE Asian seas and SW Pacific Ocean.
F. m. palmerstoni
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – W & C Pacific Ocean (Carolines, Marshalls, Hawaiian Is, Phoenix Is, Line Is, Marquesas, Tuamotu, Society Is, Pitcairns and Sala y Gómez I).
F. m. ridgwayi
Mathews, 1914 – E Pacific Ocean (Revillagigedo Is, Cocos I, Galapagos).
F. m. nicolli
Mathews, 1914 – S Atlantic (Trindade I and Martim Vaz Is off E Brazil).
82–105 cm; male 1000–1450 g, female 1215–1640 g; wingspan 180–230 cm. Breeding male is brownish black with some bluish but mostly green gloss... read more
Usually silent away from breeding colonies, but may utter grating calls when excited. Calls at nest... read more
Tropical and subtropical seas, breeding on small, remote islands, in mangroves (e.g. Rhizophora... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly fish, especially flying-fish (Exocoetidae, including Cypselurus, Exocoetus, Evolantia) of 10–20 cm... read more
Throughout year, varying with locality; some preference for laying in dry season. Probably biennial, when successful, although recent work... read more
Sedentary, with dispersal of immatures and non-breeders throughout tropical seas, mostly in Indian... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Global population estimated at 500,000–1,000,000 birds; main threats are probably habitat destruction and disturbance, in some... read more
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