Europe = Sweden.
Until mid-1990s treated as conspecific with L. meridionalis, which then included taxa immediately to S. DNA study#R, however, suggests that meridionalis is monotypic and that Canarian, N African, Middle Eastern and Russian taxa (as far as R Yenisey) belong in present species, with race pallidirostris (sometimes considered a species, “Steppe Grey Shrike”) parapatric or even marginally sympatric with race mollis of L. borealis in Mongolia#R; further changes expected with more complete genetic and vocal analyses. Race theresae sometimes subsumed into aucheri. Proposed race leucopterus (upper R Naryn, in Kyrgyzstan) synonymized with homeyeri, and jebelmarrae (SW Sudan) with leucopygus. Last-mentioned is often misspelt leucopygos, but original was written in ablative case, “Lanio leucopygo”, which must be emended to corresponding nominate form, leucopygus; author of this taxon is Ehrenberg (not with Hemprich)#R. Twelve subspecies provisionally recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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