Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Great Inca-finch (Incaspiza pulchra)


French: Incaspize remarquable German: Inkakaktustangare Spanish: Incaspiza alirrufo

Hæmophila pulchra

P. L. Sclater

, 1886,

Matucana, upper Río Rímac valley, 7000–8000 feet [c. 2130–2440 m], Lima, Peru


Sometimes considered conspecific with I. personata and I. ortizi, but overlaps with former#R and very different from latter; all three are in fact very distinct genetically#R. Monotypic.


W slope of Andes (in Ancash and Lima, locally also La Libertad#R), in W Peru.

Descriptive notes

16·5 cm; 25·5–32 g. A rather long-tailed finch with slim, pointed bill. Has grey head, browner on crown and nape, with blackish lores, eyeline and narrow... read more


Song a series of high, thin whistles, “tsew tseee? tsew tswee?”. Call a single “... read more


Arid slopes and ravines with large cacti (of genus Melocactus) and/or ground bromeliads.... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on fruits of Melocactus cacti. Forages on ground, with tail held cocked. Generally alone or in pairs; in non-breeding season... read more


Fledglings and juveniles seen between May and Jun. No other information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Peruvian High Andes EBA. Uncommon and local; reported as common in Ancash. In Aug 2008 recorded at Cerro Campana... read more

Recommended citation

Jaramillo, A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Great Inca-finch (Incaspiza pulchra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).