Very closely related to A. australis (these two sometimes separated in genus Austrotis, having a very different display from the two African Ardeotis), but differs in its larger size (bill, wing and especially tarsus all have effect sizes >2) (2); all-black crown including eyebrow in male vs white eyebrow in australis (2); reduced white spotting on (consequently more obvious) black wingpanel (1); unbarred white neck of mature male producing a much brighter appearance vs narrowly dark-barred neck of mature male giving a distinctly grey overall appearance (2); flanks marked dark but not barred as in australis (ns); dull brown undertail-coverts with brown-peppered white tips (all told, 30–50 mm) vs slightly blacker with longer (all told, 40–80 mm), whiter tips (ns). Monotypic.
SE Pakistan (Sind), and W & C India from Rajasthan S through Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra to N Karnataka and W Andhra Pradesh; all populations outside Rajasthan relict.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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