Family Ioras (Aegithinidae)

Least Concern

Great Iora (Aegithina lafresnayei)


French: Iora de Lafresnaye German: Großiora Spanish: Iora grande

Iora Lafresnayei


, 1844,

Melaka, Peninsular Malaysia


Race innotata intergrades with nominate in Malay Peninsula. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. l. innotata (Blyth, 1847) – S Myanmar and S China (S Yunnan) S to N Malay Peninsula, S Laos and C Vietnam.
  • A. l. lafresnayei (Hartlaub, 1844) – extreme S Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia (S to S hills of Johor).
  • A. l. xanthotis (Sharpe, 1882) – Cambodia and S Vietnam.
  • Descriptive notes

    13·6–15·4 cm. Male nominate race has anterior face and entire ­underparts bright yellow; forehead yellow, fore­crown black-fringed yellow; rest of... read more


    Rapid, high-pitched “chiu-chiu-chiu…” or “chew-chew-chew…”;... read more


    Edge and canopy of semi-deciduous to evergreen lowland forest, including crowns of giant emergent... read more

    Food and feeding

    No information on diet and foraging methods. Joins mixed-species foraging parties of insectivores.


    No confirmed description. Nests collected in early 20th century in Perak (Peninsular Malaysia), reported as of this species, suspected of... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally uncommon to only locally common; sparse in far S of range. Claimed from coastal strand-woodland casuarinas (Casuarina) in SE... read more

    Recommended citation

    Wells, D. (2019). Great Iora (Aegithina lafresnayei). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 March 2019).