Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Great Myna (Acridotheres grandis)


French: Grand Martin German: Riesenmaina Spanish: Miná grande

Acridotheres grandis

F. Moore

, 1858,

Sumatra; error = Bangkok, Thailand


In the past often considered conspecific with A. javanicus; has been considered conspecific also with A. fuscus. Proposed race infuscatus (described from lower R Chindwin, in W Myanmar) regarded as inseparable from individuals in rest of species’ range. Monotypic.


NE India (S Assam, Nagaland and Manipur) and SE Bangladesh E to Myanmar and S China (W & S Yunnan, SW Guangxi), S to N peninsular Thailand and Indochina.

Introduced in Peninsular Malaysia#R.

Descriptive notes

24·5–27·5 cm; 95–103 g. Black myna with forehead feathers elongated, forming frontal crest that may curl backwards; feathers of crown and nape... read more


Song a jumble of repeated phrases, described as a repetitive "queeter, queeter". Alarm... read more


Open country, such as grasslands and marshes, including cultivated areas and rice paddies, also... read more

Food and feeding

Diet mainly insects, including alate termites (Isoptera), and other invertebrates; also seeds (rice) and berries. Forages on the ground,... read more


Season Apr–Aug. Nest and untidy structure of grass and similar material, placed in hole 5 m or higher in tree, or in crown of coconut... read more


Apparently resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally common in NE India; common in SE Asia. Generally widespread in modified habitats and tolerant of people. May be expanding S in Malay... read more

Recommended citation

Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2020). Great Myna (Acridotheres grandis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).