Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Great Sapphirewing (Pterophanes cyanopterus)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri à ailes saphir German: Blauflügelkolibri Spanish: Colibrí aliazul
Taxonomy:

Trochilus cyanopterus

Fraser

, 1840,

Bogotá, Colombia

.

Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. c. cyanopterus (Fraser, 1840) – E Andes of N Colombia (Norte de Santander, Cundinamarca).
  • P. c. caeruleus J. T. Zimmer, 1951 – C & W Andes of Colombia (Tolima S to Nariño).
  • P. c. peruvianus Boucard, 1895 – W Andes of Colombia#R, Ecuador, Peru and NC Bolivia (Cochabamba).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 19–20 cm, female 16–17 cm; male 9·6–11·2 g, female 9·1–11 g. Bill straight, medium-sized, black. Male dark shining bluish-... read more

    Voice

    A liquid twittering heard during aerial chases, and a drier thin chatter while hovering and feeding. read more

    Habitat

    Inhabits humid and not too dense cloudforest and stunted forest borders, elfin woodland, and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Takes nectar from flowers at low to moderate heights on the outside of thickets and bushes, either hovering or perching to feed, sometimes... read more

    Breeding

    Breeding has been recorded for Feb (Colombia) and May (Ecuador). Cup-shaped nest is suspended from roots or ferns, usually situated below... read more

    Movements

    Mainly sedentary; altitudinal movements to open páramo after reproduction.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally fairly common. Less abundant in dry Andean valleys in Ecuador. Present in Las Cajas National Recreation Area, Ecuador.

    Recommended citation

    Heynen, I., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Great Sapphirewing (Pterophanes cyanopterus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55571 on 13 December 2017).