Closest to the Old World clade of pelicans consisting of P. crispus, P. philippensis, P. rufescens and P. conspicillatus#R. Some African and Asian populations have been classified as P. (o.) roseus, but strong individual variation exists, and both the subdivision and the denomination now obsolete. Monotypic.
Breeds from SE Europe E, discontinuously, to N & SE Kazakhstan, also very locally in Africa S of Sahara and in NW India (no recent reports); winters in NE Africa and S Iraq E to N Indian Subcontinent and W Myanmar, and more widely in Afrotropics.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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