Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Great Xenops (Megaxenops parnaguae)


French: Mégasittine du Brésil German: Zimtbaumspäher Spanish: Picolezna grande

Megaxenops parnaguae


, 1905,

caatinga woods on the trail from Parnaguá to Olho d’Agua, Piauí, Brazil


Foraging behaviour suggests that this species is close to Philydor or Syndactyla, and genetic data#R indicate that it may be closest to former. Monotypic.


E Brazil from Piauí, Ceará and W Pernambuco S to W Bahia, NW Minas Gerais and E Goiás.

Descriptive notes

15–16 cm. Distinctive, glowing orange-rufous and cinnamon furnariid with striking white throat, remarkably heavy, wedge-shaped bill. Face is nearly all light orange-... read more


Song a series of bubbly notes that start slowly and quietly, then accelerate and rise in pitch,... read more


Caatinga and semi-humid woodland and forest; from possibly 200 m to 1100 m.

Food and feeding

Recorded dietary items are Formicidae, beetles (Scarabaeidae), larval Lepidoptera, and arachnids (Ctenus, Micra­thena... read more


No information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Rare to locally fairly common. Present in Serra da Capivara National Park (Piauí), Chapada do Araripe National... read more

Recommended citation

Remsen, J.V., Jr (2020). Great Xenops (Megaxenops parnaguae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).