French: Quiscale noir German: Antillengrackel Spanish: Zanate antillano
Subspecies and Distribution
Q. n. caribaeus
(Todd, 1916) – extreme W Cuba (Pinar del Río), and I of Pines and adjacent cayos.
Q. n. gundlachii
Cassin, 1867 – Cuba (E from Pinar del Río), including N cayos and Jardines de la Reina Archipelago.
Q. n. caymanensis
Cory, 1886 – Grand Cayman I.
Q. n. bangsi
(J. L. Peters, 1921) – Little Cayman I; formerly also Cayman Brac.
Q. n. crassirostris
Swainson, 1838 – Jamaica.
Q. n. niger
(Boddaert, 1783) – Hispaniola.
Q. n. brachypterus
Cassin, 1867 – Puerto Rico and Vieques I.
25–30 cm; male 86·6–100 g and female 60–72·5 g (Cuba), male 67·5–88 g and female 51–64 g (caymanensis), male mean 112 g and female 79·3 g (crassirostris),... read more
Song varies considerably among islands, but (for a grackle) is relatively musical, a metallic “... read more
Mangroves, marshes, savanna, coconut (Cocos nucifera) plantations, open fields,... read more
Food and feeding
Omnivorous. Feeds on wild and cultivated seeds, including those of maize (Zea mays) and rice; takes insects and other arthropods;... read more
Season Feb–Sept, mainly Apr–Jul/Aug; Mar–Jul in Cuba. Mating system not well known. Colonial breeder, in trees; colonies in mangroves... read more
Resident. Local movements to areas with fruiting trees reported from Jamaica.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to abundant throughout range, especially in lowlands. Often lives in towns and other modified habitats. Populations in smaller Cayman Is have... read more
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