Family Birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae)

Least Concern

Greater Bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea apoda)


French: Paradisier grand-émeraude German: Großparadiesvogel Spanish: Ave del paraíso esmeralda grande

Paradisaea apoda


, 1758,

India; error = Aru Islands, New Guinea


Hybridization with P. raggiana recorded; mixed leks including hybrid males found in S New Guinea. New Guinea population described as race novaeguineae, but too weakly differentiated to warrant recognition#R. Monotypic.


Aru Is, and mainland S New Guinea from Timika E to Fly–Strickland watershed.

Descriptive notes

Male 43 cm (excluding central tail wires); female 35 cm, 170–173 g. Male nominate race has lores, forehead, ear-coverts, malar area, chin and throat iridescent... read more


Most common lek advertisement call by male a deep "wauk" or "wonk", delivered... read more


Lowland forest and hill forest, to at least 950 m.

Food and feeding

Few observations. Fruits and arthropods. Individuals in female-type plumage frequently in small groups, including with Manucodia ater... read more


Breeding at least Mar, May and Aug–Dec; display at least Oct at Kiunga (in E of range). Polygynous, lekking promiscuous males on... read more


Presumably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted range species: present in South Papuan Lowlands EBA. CITES II. Common and fairly widespread; probably commonest in lower foothills. In E... read more

Recommended citation

Frith, C. & Frith, D. (2020). Greater Bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea apoda). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).