Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Greater Double-collared Sunbird (Cinnyris afer)


Taxonomy

French: Souimanga à plastron rouge German: Doppelband-Nektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga bicollar
Taxonomy:

Certhia afra

Linnaeus

, 1766,

Cape of Good Hope, South Africa

.

Has sometimes been considered conspecific with C. stuhlmanni, C. prigoginei and C. ludovicensis; close also to C. reichenowi. Newly described taxon skye, here included as race of C. ludovicensis (which see), was previously thought possibly close to present species or C. manoensis. Birds from N & E of range (S to SC Eastern Cape) sometimes treated as race saliens, but supposed distinction unconvincing. Monotypic.

Distribution:

South Africa (Limpopo Province and NE Gauteng S to NW KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and S Western Cape), W Swaziland and E Lesotho.

Descriptive notes

11·5–12·5 cm; male 9–18g, female 8·1–14 g. Male has head to rump metallic green with blue iridescence (but bases of feathers brown),... read more

Voice

Song, by both sexes, a melodious twitter involving “weetu” whistles, alternating... read more

Habitat

Open habitats with scrub, from coastal plains to Afromontane forest edge, including succulent karoo... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, including beetles (Coleoptera), flies (Diptera), homopteran bugs, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera; also spiders (Araneae); also nectar... read more

Breeding

Egg-laying in all months in South Africa; up to three broods. Male sings with head pointing skywards in close proximity to rivals, which... read more

Movements

Moves, including altitudinally, in response to flowering of plant sources.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common or locally common in South Africa.

Recommended citation

Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Greater Double-collared Sunbird (Cinnyris afer). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60031 on 23 August 2019).