French: Moucherolle de Coues German: Mexikoschnäppertyrann Spanish: Pibí tengofrío
Cabanis and Heine
#R, Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
C. p. pertinax
Cabanis & Heine, 1860 – SW USA (C & SW Arizona, SW New Mexico) and W & C Mexico (S to Isthmus of Tehuantepec); winters S to Guatemala.
C. p. minor
(W. deW. Miller & Griscom, 1925) – S Mexico (mainly E of Isthmus of Tehuantepec), Guatemala and Belize S to NC Nicaragua.
17–19 cm; 27 g. Has indistinct pale supraloral area and dark lores; crown dark grey to greyish-olive, tufted; rest of head and nape and upperparts drab grey to greyish-... read more
Call “pip-pip-pip” or “beek beek beek”, similar to that of congeners; call of race minor... read more
Breeds in pine (Pinus) and pine-oak (Pinus-Quercus) woodland in... read more
Food and feeding
Insects during breeding season; some fruit in winter. Forages in erect stance from exposed perch (e.g. end of dead branch, top of pine);... read more
May–Jul; pair-forming in Mar in El Salvador. Cup-nest made of grass, bark, pine needles, pine cones, oak catkins and contour feathers... read more
Partial short-distance migrant. N populations migrate S in winter; leave SE Arizona breeding... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common. Global population estimated at 2,000,000 individuals. Densities in mountains of SE Arizona low, 0·05–0·17 birds/ha;... read more
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