Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Vulnerable

Greater Spotted Eagle (Clanga clanga)


Taxonomy

French: Aigle criard German: Schelladler Spanish: Águila moteada
Taxonomy:

Aquila Clanga

Pallas

, 1811,

Russia and Siberia

.

Closely related to C. pomarina, but specific status confirmed by morphological and genetic studies. The two hybridize regularly#R#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

EC Europe E through Russia to S Ussuriland and NE China. Winters, locally, from S Europe, NE & E Africa (mainly Ethiopia, with occasional records in W Africa and S to Tanzania and Zambia) and Middle East (and perhaps N to Kazakhstan) through Pakistan and India (S mainly to about W Maharashtra; many reports from farther S perhaps erroneous) to S & E China and Indochina to Singapore; exceptionally S as far as Sumatra, irregularly to Taiwan, and exceptionally N to SE Russia and Japan.

Descriptive notes

59–71 cm; male 1500–1900 g, female 1800–2500 g; wingspan 155–180 cm. Rather uniform dark brown to black, with strong purplish gloss on upperparts,... read more

Voice

Can be quite vocal year-round, but especially in breeding season and when several birds are present... read more

Habitat

Large wet forests bordering humid meadows, bogs, marshes and other wetlands including mangroves;... read more

Food and feeding

Very variable, depending on availability of prey species. Mainly small mammals (Siberian suslik Citellus undulatus, musk-rats ... read more

Breeding

Season Apr–Aug across most of range, but Nov–Jun in Indian Subcontinent and does not usually start until May in Russia and N... read more

Movements

Migratory; leaves breeding areas later than C. pomarina in Oct/Nov, and generally does not... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Total world population certainly only some few thousand birds, considered to number 3300–8800 mature individuals by BirdLife International, but... read more

Recommended citation

Meyburg, B.U., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2018). Greater Spotted Eagle (Clanga clanga). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53155 on 18 November 2018).