Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)


Greater Spotted Eagle (Clanga clanga)


French: Aigle criard German: Schelladler Spanish: Águila moteada

Aquila Clanga


, 1811,

Russia and Siberia


Closely related to C. pomarina, but specific status confirmed by morphological and genetic studies. The two hybridize regularly#R#R. Monotypic.


EC Europe E through Russia to S Ussuriland and NE China. Winters, locally, from S Europe, NE & E Africa (mainly Ethiopia, with occasional records in W Africa and S to Tanzania and Zambia) and Middle East (and perhaps N to Kazakhstan) through Pakistan and India (S mainly to about W Maharashtra; many reports from farther S perhaps erroneous) to S & E China and Indochina to Singapore; exceptionally S as far as Sumatra, irregularly to Taiwan, and exceptionally N to SE Russia and Japan.

Descriptive notes

59–71 cm; male 1500–1900 g, female 1800–2500 g; wingspan 155–180 cm. Rather uniform dark brown to black, with strong purplish gloss on upperparts,... read more


Can be quite vocal year-round, but especially in breeding season and when several birds are present... read more


Large wet forests bordering humid meadows, bogs, marshes and other wetlands including mangroves;... read more

Food and feeding

Very variable, depending on availability of prey species. Mainly small mammals (Siberian suslik Citellus undulatus, musk-rats ... read more


Season Apr–Aug across most of range, but Nov–Jun in Indian Subcontinent and does not usually start until May in Russia and N... read more


Migratory; leaves breeding areas later than C. pomarina in Oct/Nov, and generally does not... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Total world population certainly only some few thousand birds, considered to number 3300–8800 mature individuals by BirdLife International, but... read more

Recommended citation

Meyburg, B.U., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Greater Spotted Eagle (Clanga clanga). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 January 2020).