Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Greater Wagtail-tyrant (Stigmatura budytoides)


French: Calandrite bergeronnette German: Südstelzentyrann Spanish: Rabicano mayor

C[ulicivora]. budytoides

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1837,

Valle Grande, Santa Cruz, Bolivia


Small race gracilis sometimes considered a separate species#R, differing from inzonata in slightly smaller size (probably 1), blacker wings and tail with bolder white markings including seemingly longer, stronger white wing-bar (2), and more olive-tinged upperparts (1); further research needed. Four subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. b. budytoides (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – Greater Wagtail-tyrant – C Bolivia (E Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz, N Chuquisaca).
  • S. b. inzonata Wetmore & J. L. Peters, 1923 – SE Bolivia (S Santa Cruz to Tarija), W Paraguay and NW Argentina (Jujuy E to Chaco, S to Córdoba and San Luis).
  • S. b. flavocinerea (Burmeister, 1861) – C Argentina (Mendoza, Córdoba and W Buenos Aires S to N Río Negro).
  • S. b. gracilis J. T. Zimmer, 1955 – Caatinga Wagtail-tyrant – E Brazil (Piauí#R, S Ceará, Pernambuco, Bahia and N Minas Gerais#R).
  • Descriptive notes

    14·5–16 cm; 8·5–13·2 g (highland populations significantly larger). Distinctive tyrannid with long, graduated tail broadly tipped white. Nominate race has broad... read more


    Abrupt “churt”, sometimes in series, varied occasionally into more complex chatter; partners often... read more


    Arid scrub, deciduous woodland, Chaco woodland, and dry gallery forest; mainly sea-level to 1000 m... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Forages in pairs or family groups, from near ground to tops and outer foliage of tall shrubs, in open to dense vegetation,... read more


    Oct–Dec in Argentina. Nest an open cup made of plant fibres and rootlets, bonded with spiderwebs, placed 1–2 m above ground on... read more


    S populations in Argentina believed to migrate to N portion of range during austral winter, but... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common. Recent range extension S in E Brazil; race gracilis recorded in Minas Gerais (left bank of R São Francisco), where... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fitzpatrick, J. (2020). Greater Wagtail-tyrant (Stigmatura budytoides). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 January 2020).