Family Cotingas (Cotingidae)

Least Concern

Green-and-black Fruiteater (Pipreola riefferii)


French: Cotinga vert et noir German: Goldbandkotinga Spanish: Frutero verdinegro

Ampelis Riefferii


, 1840,

“Bogotá”, Colombia


See P. intermedia. Race tallmanorum moderately distinctive, being slightly smaller, brighter-plumaged and brighter-eyed than other taxa. Recent suggestion#R to elevate melanolaema to species status on basis of plumage and genetics used molecular analysis of samples from opposite ends of range, and vocal differences are only moderate (score 2–3)#R; in addition, plumage convergence with Venezuelan populations of nominate is apparent#R. Race confusa may be better merged with chachapoyas. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. r. melanolaema P. L. Sclater, 1856 – Venezuelan Fruiteater – mountains of NW & N Venezuela (S Lara S to C Táchira, and Aragua E to Miranda).
  • P. r. riefferii (Boissonneau, 1840) – Green-and-black Fruiteater – Sierra de Perijá (on Colombia–Venezuela border), W Venezuela (W Táchira) and E & C Andes of Colombia.
  • P. r. occidentalis (Chapman, 1914) – W Andes (also extreme S end of C range) of Colombia and W slope in Ecuador (S to El Oro).
  • P. r. confusa J. T. Zimmer, 1936 – E Andes of Ecuador and extreme N Peru (W Amazonas).
  • P. r. chachapoyas (Hellmayr, 1915) – N Peru E of R Marañón (in Amazonas and San Martín).
  • P. r. tallmanorum O’Neill & T. A. Parker, 1981 – Sira Fruiteater – Carpish Mts and Cerros del Sira, in Huánuco (Peru).
  • Descriptive notes

    17·5–20 cm; 46–61 g. Male nominate race has blackish-green hood down to chest, bordered by yellow collar (except on nape); green above, white tips of... read more


    Very high-pitched, sibilant “ti-ti-ti-ti” for up to 5 seconds, dying away; call of ... read more


    Montane forest, forest borders and secondary woodland; mostly 1000–2900 m, locally higher, to... read more

    Food and feeding

    Apparently only fruit. In E Andes of Colombia, fruits of 16 plant species, from eight families, recorded, with those of Chloranthaceae,... read more


    Laying in Feb–Aug in W Colombia. Nest a substantial cup, almost entirely of moss, lined with black rootlets, placed 1–2 m above... read more


    None recorded.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common or common. The most widespread and abundant of the Andean fruiteaters. Also, is ecologically the most tolerant. Occurs in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Snow, D. (2020). Green-and-black Fruiteater (Pipreola riefferii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 April 2020).