Family Tits and Chickadees (Paridae)

Least Concern

Green-backed Tit (Parus monticolus)


Taxonomy

French: Mésange montagnarde German: Bergkohlmeise Spanish: Carbonero dorsiverde
Taxonomy:

Parus monticolus

Vigors

, 1831,

Simla, Himalayas, north India

.

Sister to P. major#R. Genetic phylogroups identified within this species incongruent with traditionally recognized subspecies#R. Race legendrei relatively distinctive, with its (usually) very broad black ventral line (2), paler yellow flanks (1) and dingier greenish back (1). Nominate race and yunnanensis intergrade in W Nepal. Four subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. m. monticolus Vigors, 1831 – Green-backed Tit – W & C Himalayas from N Pakistan E to W Nepal and SW China (S Xizang).
  • P. m. yunnanensis La Touche, 1922 – E Himalayas E to NE India (including E Meghalaya, S Assam S to Manipur), C & S China (S Gansu and S Shaanxi S to S Yunnan and Guizhou), W, N & NE Myanmar, extreme NW Vietnam and C Laos.
  • P. m. insperatus Swinhoe, 1866 – Taiwan.
  • P. m. legendrei Delacour, 1927 – Langbian Tit – Langbian, in SC Vietnam.
  • Descriptive notes

    12·5–13 cm; 12–16·8 g. Large, black-capped tit with broad black ventral line, greenish upperparts and double wingbar. Male nominate race has forehead to crown (to... read more

    Voice

    All calls, including range of variation, similar to those of P. major, but generally... read more

    Habitat

    Mainly temperate and subtropical forests, including deciduous forest, principally oak (Quercus... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet not well known, but includes small invertebrates and larvae, flower buds, some fruit, including berries, and seeds. Usually in pairs,... read more

    Breeding

    Season Feb–Jul, but in Taiwan possibly throughout year (most in Mar–Jun); one brood. Nest, built solely by female, a soft pad... read more

    Movements

    Largely resident or short-distance altitudinal migrant. Some spend winter months at very high... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common or fairly common throughout range; locally abundant.

    Recommended citation

    Gosler, A. & Clement, P. (2018). Green-backed Tit (Parus monticolus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/59902 on 13 December 2018).