J. F. Gmelin, 1788,
Cayenne; error = Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Sometimes (with C. melanolaimus) placed in a separate genus Chrysoptilus with the other “forest flickers” C. punctigula and C. atricollis, but phylogenetic analyses indicate that placement in Colaptes more appropriate#R. Present species usually considered conspecific with C. melanolaimus, but differs on account of somewhat smaller size, with notably shorter bill, although there appears to be a large area of intergradation and variability in Corrientes (NE Argentina) (for bill at least 1); no black at distal end of submoustachial stripe (2); underparts darker, with circular or spade-shaped and smaller (vs heart-shaped and larger) spots below, often tending towards a few bars (vs becoming more distinctly barred) on flanks and lower belly, and with neater vs coarse streaking on chin and throat (2); more barring on outer tail (ns[1–2]); broader, yellow vs narrower, stonier barring above with yellowish vs whitish rump (2); largely arboreal vs partly terrestrial behaviour (2); hybrid zone along R Paraná and R Uruguay (2). Additional named races mariae (Marajó I, in NE Brazil) and fluvilumbis (Bahia) both considered insufficiently differentiated to warrant recognition. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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