Sometimes placed in genus Saucerottia. Closely related to A. cupreicauda and A. tobaci; normally considered conspecific with former, but morphological differences support their separation as two distinct species. Race iodura has generally been overlooked or rejected in recent literature; on the basis of morphology, in combination with distribution, it appears, however, to be a valid race; intergradation of the two races may occur S of Táchira depression. Proposed race melanura now regarded as an aberrant form of nominate race. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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