Family African and Green Broadbills (Calyptomenidae)

Near Threatened

Green Broadbill (Calyptomena viridis)


French: Eurylaime vert German: Smaragdbreitrachen Spanish: Eurilaimo verde

Calyptomena viridis


, 1822,



Type locality of nominate recently determined by lectotypification as Singapore rather than Bengkulu (SW Sumatra)#R; as a result, continental form becomes nominate, with caudacuta and continentis as synonyms, and gloriosa becomes the valid name for populations of Sumatra and Borneo. Distinctive race siberu larger and darker, male with bright blue wash; may warrant species status. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. v. viridis Raffles, 1822 – Green Broadbill – S Myanmar (Tenasserim), SW Thailand and Malay Peninsula, including islands of Rah and Phuket; formerly also Singapore, and probably Pinang I.
  • C. v. gloriosa Deignan, 1947 – Sumatra, Nias I, Batu Is, Lingga Archipelago, N Natuna Is and Borneo.
  • C. v. siberu Chasen & Kloss, 1926 – Mentawai Broadbill – Mentawai Is (Siberut, North Pagai, South Pagai).
  • Descriptive notes

    14–17 cm, 18·5–19 cm (siberu); 43–72·8 g. A plump, green bird with short bill, short tail and unusual tuft of feathers on forehead;... read more


    Variety of distinctive, sometimes quiet, calls, often with bubbling, liquid quality; most... read more


    Mostly rainforest and mixed dipterocarp forest, usually in understorey and lower levels, locally... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruit; also occasionally invertebrates, particularly insects, and these sometimes fed to young in great quantity; emerging termites (... read more


    Breeds in Feb–Apr in Myanmar; in Malay Peninsula apparently after heavy rains of early part of NE monsoon, Mar–Jun in Thailand... read more


    Essentially resident, but some nomadism associated with seasonality of fruiting trees. Evidence... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Fairly common or locally common where suitable primary forest remains. Occurs in a number of protected areas,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Bruce, M.D. (2019). Green Broadbill (Calyptomena viridis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 June 2019).