Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Green-headed Hillstar (Oreotrochilus stolzmanni)


French: Colibri de Stolzmann German: Grünkopf-Andenkolibri Spanish: Colibrí de Stolzmann

Oreotrochilus stolzmanni


, 1895,

Huamachuco and near Cajamarca, Peru


Thought to be closely related to O. chimborazo, O. estella and O. leucopleurus, and all four have been considered conspecific; separated largely on morphological grounds. Present species frequently lumped into O. estella, but differs on account of male having metallic (not glittering) green vs matt buff-brown crown and upperparts (3); male having blackish vs chestnut belly stripe and whiter vs buffier belly sides (2); both sexes having stronger blue metallic tail (ns[1]); female having bronzy crown (ns[2]); female having green-spotted vs brown-spotted throat (2). Monotypic.


Andes of N & C Peru (Cajamarca, Huánuco); reported from extreme S Ecuador (SE Loja).

Descriptive notes

13–14 cm; 7·9–8·4 g. Male has medium-sized, slightly decurved black bill; upperparts greenish with bronzy sheen; throat emerald-green, black line... read more


Poorly known. Calls include a repeated short “tseep”. Also a rapid, melodious, passerine-like... read more


Rocky alpine grassland of the Altiplano (puna) with scattered stands of Puya and... read more

Food and feeding

Primarily nectar and pollen of flowering Chuquiraga, Cajophora, Puya and cacti. Usually perches on or clings to... read more


Feb–Jun, sometimes up to Aug. Bulky cup-shaped nest of moss and soft plant fibres is built in rock cavities close under overhangs,... read more


Mostly sedentary, with seasonal local wandering to lower elevations.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally common, especially on alpine meadows with mats of Chuquiraga. The habitat of this species being mostly unsuitable for... read more

Recommended citation

Fjeldså, J. & Boesman, P. (2020). Green-headed Hillstar (Oreotrochilus stolzmanni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).