French: Tangara émeraude German: Kappennaschvogel Spanish: Mielerito verde
Subspecies and Distribution
C. s. guatemalensis
P. L. Sclater, 1861 – S Mexico (Gulf–Caribbean slope from Oaxaca and Chiapas) S to E Guatemala, Belize and Honduras.
C. s. argutus
Bangs & Barbour, 1922 – extreme E Honduras, E Nicaragua, and on both sides of Costa Rica and Panama S to NW Colombia (N Chocó S to Baudó Mts).
C. s. exsul
Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 – SW Colombia (Pacific coast from Valle del Cauca) S to SW Ecuador.
C. s. subtropicalis
Todd, 1924 – Colombia (on slopes of all three Andean ranges), Sierra de Perijá, and W base of Andes in Venezuela (Táchira and Mérida).
C. s. spiza
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Venezuela (coastal cordillera from Carabobo E to Sucre and N Monagas; E base of Andes from Barinas S to Táchira; and area S of R Orinoco), Trinidad, the Guianas, extreme E Colombia (R Negro–R Guainía) and N Brazil (E from R Uaupés and, S of R Amazon, from middle R Purus E to Pará and coast of Maranhão).
C. s. caerulescens
Cassin, 1864 – Colombia (Cauca and Magdalena Valleys, and E base of E Andes from Arauca) S through E Ecuador and E Peru to C Bolivia, and E in WC Brazil to S Mato Grosso.
C. s. axillaris
J. T. Zimmer, 1929 – coastal E & SE Brazil (Pernambuco S to Santa Catarina).
13 cm; 14–23 g. Comparatively large honeycreeper with long, slightly decurved and pointed bill. Male nominate race has crown and side of head to point on rear cheek... read more
Variety of “tsip” notes and high, sharp “pseet”, some calls weak, others... read more
Humid and wet forest, second-growth woodland, wooded and shrubby borders, older second growth, and... read more
Food and feeding
Fruit and arthropods; almost certainly also nectar from flowers and juice from fruits. Of 35 stomachs examined, 23 contained only vegetable... read more
Season Apr–Jul (peak activity May), occasionally as late as Sept, in Costa Rica, with one record of a fledgling being fed in early... read more
Resident. Some very local seasonal shifts may occur in response to availability of fruit and nectar. read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common. Widespread, and found in many parks and other protected areas across its vast range. Populations of some Middle American... read more
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