Moluccas; error = Manila, Philippines.
Forms a species-group with D. oenothorax (with which usually considered conspecific), D. perspicillata, D. neglecta and D. concinna. Race nicobarica treated as a distinct species by some recent authors#R on the basis of its darker, blue-glossed mantle (1), dusky-brown vs chestnut vent (2) and different song (distinctiveness apparently considerable, so at least 2); however, fuller evidence needed. Race paulina sometimes also considered a separate species, differing in its large, pale vinous-rufous nuchal patch (from hindneck to mantle and neck-sides, and connecting vaguely to postocular area) (3) and slightly more pinkish-buffy face than other taxa (1); again, fuller evidence needed. Owing to confusion over type locality of nominate aenea, previously thought to be in Malaysia but later corrected to Philippines#R, population now listed under polia was formerly included under aenea; chalybura and glaucocauda are synonyms of aenea. Racial variation not altogether clear: proposed form kwangtungensis (S China) included in sylvatica; mista (Simeulue), babiensis (Babi I, off S Simeulue) and vicinus (Batu and Mentawai Is) included in consobrina; pallidinucha (Tobea I, off SE Sulawesi), pulchella (Togian Is), sulana (Sula Is) and intercedens (Peleng, in Banggai Is) all included in paulina, although it has recently been suggested that pulchella may, after all, represent a valid taxon (it shows a brown shoulder)#R; further analysis may reduce still further the number of races accepted. Twelve subspecies currently recognized. The present species differs from D. oenothorax in its grey vs purplish-pinkbreast (3), chestnut vs green vent (3), and duller upperparts (1).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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