Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Green Inca (Coeligena conradii)


French: Inca de Conrad German: Mérida-Andenkolibri Spanish: Inca verde

Trochilus Conradii


, 1840,

vicinity of Caracas


Relationships uncertain within the complex containing present species, C. torquata, C. eisenmanni and C. inca (also relationship to C. prunellei and C. wilsoni); further studies needed (see C. torquata). Hitherto considered conspecific with C. torquata, but differs in having grass-green plumage where nominate torquata (its closest geographical counterpart) is blackish (most striking in male, but also characteristic of female) (4); absence of bluish central crown patch (2); outer primaries edged rufous (ns[1]); female with mainly plain buffy-rufous throat vs blackish-and-white mottled throat which on some specimens has hint of buffy wash (2). Monotypic.


Andes of NW Venezuela (Trujillo to N Táchira) and E Andes of N Colombia (Norte de Santander).

Descriptive notes

c. 14·5 cm; male c. 7·1 g, female c. 6·6 g. Male has long, straight, black bill (3·3–3·5 cm). Compared to previously conspecific C. torquata (see Taxonomy comments... read more


Vocalizations include a soft, low, reedy whistle “tu-tee”, a longer series of rather low-pitched... read more


Understorey to lower canopy of humid montane cloudforest an shrubby forest borders, mainly at 1800... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering Cavendishia, Fuchsia and various Ericaceae, as well as vines and climbers. Feeds by trap-lining in... read more


No information, though presumably very similar to C. torquata.


No information available, but possibly undertakes seasonal short-distance movements and dispersal... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Very common throughout much of range. To date no threats have been recorded, but since its habitat, humid montane cloudforest, is under... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Green Inca (Coeligena conradii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).