Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Least Concern

Green Junglefowl (Gallus varius)


French: Coq de Java German: Gabelschwanzhuhn Spanish: Gallo de Java

Phasianus varius


, 1798,



Formerly placed in monospecific genus Creagrius. Monotypic.


Java, Bali and neighbouring islands of Lesser Sundas E to Flores, Sumba and Alor.

Introduced to Cocos Is.

Descriptive notes

Male 65–75 cm, 672–1450 g; female 40–46 cm, 485–1050 g. Male unmistakable, with appearance of scaling of different colours over most of dark green... read more


Territorial call a short raucous crowing phrase consisting of three notes without pauses, “crrrro-... read more


Coastal areas and low-lying valleys, but also found in inland forest, though only rarely enters... read more

Food and feeding

Very little known, but believed to feed on insects and weed seeds and to visit grain fields regularly; sometimes emerges in open areas in... read more


Little reliable information available, but season believed to be long and variable on Java; usually Jun–Nov; 16 nest records for... read more


No movements described.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. Known from c. 50 localities. Occurs in a variety of habitats, including secondary vegetation and man-modified... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Green Junglefowl (Gallus varius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).