French: Martin-pêcheur vert German: Grünfischer Spanish: Martín pescador verde
J. F. Gmelin
Subspecies and Distribution
C. a. hachisukai
(Laubmann, 1941) – SW USA (extreme S Arizona, SW New Mexico and WC Texas) to NW Mexico (Sonora and Cohauila to Nayarit).
C. a. septentrionalis
(Sharpe, 1892) – SC Texas and Mexico (from Nuevo León and Jalisco) S, including Pearl Is (S Panama), to Colombia and W Venezuela.
C. a. cabanisii
(Tschudi, 1846) – W Colombia and W Ecuador S, W of Andes, to S Peru, rarely to N Chile (Arica).
C. a. americana
(J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – E of Andes from Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago S to NE Bolivia and E across N & C Brazil (S to Amazonas, Rondônia, S Pará and Bahia).
C. a. mathewsii
Laubmann, 1927 – S Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais) and S Bolivia to C Argentina (Mendoza, N Buenos Aires).
18.5–20.5 cm; male 29–40 g, female 33–55 g; wingspan 28–33 cm. Adult male black lores, white collar; remaining upperparts dark green with bronze reflections on... read more
Dry rasping, often followed by sputter, “dzeew dzeew kuk-kuk-kuk dzeew”; clicking sound... read more
Streams in woodland, muddy puddles in riverbeds, rocky watercourses, deep turbid rivers, pools in... read more
Food and feeding
Small fish (Characidae), crustaceans, prawns (Palaemonidae, Penaeus aztecus), also insects including dragonfly nymphs (Odonata),... read more
Lays in Apr in Texas; in Mar, probably Jan–May, in Mexico; in Feb–Apr in Costa Rica; in Nov–Feb in Panama; in May–... read more
Generally perceived to be sedentary, although has been reported from the N Lesser Antilles.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread, utilizing many habitats, and frequently common. In Colombia and Bolivia, densities found to vary: 0·4–3... read more
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