Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Green Mango (Anthracothorax viridis)


French: Mango vert German: Smaragdmangokolibri Spanish: Mango puertorriqueño verde

Trochilus viridis

Audebert and Vieillot

, 1801,

Puerto Rico


Relationships uncertain; in recent phylogenetic study based on plumage colour spectra, this species clustered with Campylopterus#R. Monotypic.


Puerto Rico.

Descriptive notes

11–14 cm; 7 g. Sexes alike. Bill slightly curved, black; upperparts emerald green; underparts metallic blue-green; tail metallic blue-black, rounded. Adult female with... read more


Rather silent. Song a repeated high-pitched phrase commencing with a drawn-out buzz, “szzzzz-szi-... read more


Plantations and forests of C... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering trees, shrubs and vines, such as Pariti tilaceum, Leonotis leonotum, Quisqualis indica and... read more


Nest records Oct–May. The nest is a soft, compact cup decorated externally with lichen; attached to vertical branch of high tree,... read more


Altitudinal movements depending on flowering seasons.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA. Common resident in the C... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2020). Green Mango (Anthracothorax viridis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).