Usually considered conspecific with P. bonariensis, but differs in its (in male) olive-green vs black mantle, back, scapulars and chest side (3); yellow vs flame-orange breast and rump (3); (in female) bluer crown, wings and tail (2); more olive-yellow underparts and rump (ns); and song with lower-pitched notes in narrow frequency range (2)#R. Monotypic.
Andes of Ecuador (from S Carchi, Imbabura and extreme W Napo S, mainly in C highlands, to Loja), and in Peru S on W slope to N Chile (Tarapacá) and on E slope to extreme W Bolivia (La Paz).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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