Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Green Oropendola (Psarocolius viridis)


French: Cassique vert German: Grünschopf-Stirnvogel Spanish: Cacique verde

Oriolus viridis

Statius Müller

, 1776,

Cayenne, French Guiana


Analysis of DNA indicates present species is closer to P. yuracares than to P. decumanus. Populations in NE Peru sometimes recognized as race flavescens (described from Xeberos, in E Peru), but this separation seems unwarranted. Monotypic.


E & S Venezuela, the Guianas, and SE Colombia (Vichada and Amazonas), E Ecuador, NE & C Peru and extreme N Bolivia (E Pando) E across most of Amazonian Brazil (E to Marajó I and W Maranhão, S to N Rondônia).

Descriptive notes

Male average 48·5 cm, 405 g; female average 37 cm, 215 g. Male has head to back and most of underparts yellowish-olive, a few thin feathers forming small green nuchal crest;... read more


Male songs variable and complex, usually more musical than those of congeners. In Venezuela loudest... read more


Tall humid forests, preferably primary forest. Found from várzea and gallery forest to... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and other arthropods; stomach contents from Suriname and Brazil include orthopterans (of family Tettigoniidae), bugs (Hemiptera),... read more


Season Feb–Apr in Venezuela and Suriname and Jul–Dec in Brazil (Amazonas). Probably moderately polygynous. Breeds in rather small colonies... read more


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Relatively abundant throughout most of Amazonia and the Guianan region; scarcer or local at edge of its range, e.g. in NE Venezuela (Sucre) and in S... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2020). Green Oropendola (Psarocolius viridis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).