Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus)


French: Toui été German: Grünbürzel-Sperlingspapagei Spanish: Cotorrita culiverde

Psittacus passerinus


, 1758,



Recent genetic data support the view that this species and F. xanthopterygius (including F. spengeli) are sister taxa#R; previously considered conspecific#R. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • F. p. cyanophanes (Todd, 1915) – N Colombia (Guajira and N Cesar).
  • F. p. viridissimus (Lafresnaye, 1848) – N Colombia (Norte de Santander), N Venezuela and Trinidad.
  • F. p. passerinus (Linnaeus, 1758) – the Guianas, mainly near coast.
  • F. p. cyanochlorus (Schlegel, 1864) – upper R Branco, in Roraima, NW Brazil.
  • F. p. deliciosus (Ridgway, 1888) – lower Amazon (E from R Madeira) and Amapá, in N Brazil.
  • Introduced (viridissimus) to Curaçao, in W Leeward Antilles; also (passerinus) to Tobago, and (perhaps same race) to Jamaica, Martinique (unsuccessfully)#R and Barbados (where now extirpated)#R.

    Descriptive notes

    12–13 cm; 20–28 g. Green, lighter on forehead, cheeks, underparts, back and rump (this last brightest, but sometimes washed blue); grey tinge on hindneck; primary... read more


    Call is a passerine-like bisyllabic “chidit”, or sometimes a longer “chidididididit”, given both in... read more


    Semi-open lowland areas such as dry deciduous and gallery forest edge, second growth, thornbush and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Grass seeds, especially Croton hirtus, Hyptis suaveolens, Wissadula, Cyperus, Scoparia dulcis... read more


    Season probably extended in most of range. Most months from Feb to Aug on Trinidad; Feb, Jun, Aug and Nov in Surinam; Apr–Aug in... read more


    Occurs, perhaps only as a seasonal upslope movement, in lower subtropical zone.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Gerenally common and probably increasing with clearance of forest within its range. Heavily traded in and from Venezuela. Appears to have... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2019). Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).