French: Smaragdan émeraude German: Smaragdvireo Spanish: Vireón esmeralda
P. L. Sclater and Salvin
Subspecies and Distribution
V. p. ramosi
A. R. Phillips, 1991 – SE Mexico (S Veracruz E to NC Chiapas and Quintana Roo, S to E Oaxaca).
V. p. pulchellus
P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1859 – SE Mexico (SE Campeche, SW Quintana Roo), Guatemala (except C highlands), Belize and Caribbean slopes of Honduras and N Nicaragua; also locally on Pacific slope of SW Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala and El Salvador.
V. p. verticalis
Ridgway, 1885 – Nicaragua (on Caribbean slopes), Costa Rica and W Panama (E Veraguas).
V. p. viridiceps
Ridgway, 1903 – C Panama (E to Panamá Province).
13·5–14·5 cm; 22–30 g. Male nominate race has forehead, crown and nape deep sky-blue, with diffuse green markings on crown; rest of head, neck and upperparts... read more
Song, delivered from concealed perch in forest canopy (singer very difficult to locate), a... read more
Inhabits humid evergreen forest with tall trees, also forest edge, mostly in canopy. Sea-level to... read more
Food and feeding
Food items mainly arthropods, but also fleshy fruits and berries. Forages mostly in canopy, also lower in forest edge. Searches... read more
Nest-building in Mar and birds in breeding condition Mar and May in Belize; nesting recorded in May in Panama. Nest a mossy cup, placed at... read more
Apparently entirely sedentary; territorial throughout year.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common in Mexico and N Central America; said to be not common in Belize; locally common in Costa Rica and common but somewhat local... read more
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