Family Vireos (Vireonidae)

Least Concern

Green Shrike-vireo (Vireolanius pulchellus)


Taxonomy

French: Smaragdan émeraude German: Smaragdvireo Spanish: Vireón esmeralda
Taxonomy:

Vireolanius pulchellus

P. L. Sclater and Salvin

, 1859,

Guatemala

.

Often treated as conspecific with V. eximius (which see). See also V. leucotis. Proposed race dearborni (CS Guatemala) requires substantiation; currently included in nominate. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • V. p. ramosi A. R. Phillips, 1991 – SE Mexico (S Veracruz E to NC Chiapas and Quintana Roo, S to E Oaxaca).
  • V. p. pulchellus P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1859 – SE Mexico (SE Campeche, SW Quintana Roo), Guatemala (except C highlands), Belize and Caribbean slopes of Honduras and N Nicaragua; also locally on Pacific slope of SW Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala and El Salvador.
  • V. p. verticalis Ridgway, 1885 – Nicaragua (on Caribbean slopes), Costa Rica and W Panama (E Veraguas).
  • V. p. viridiceps Ridgway, 1903 – C Panama (E to Panamá Province).
  • Descriptive notes

    13·5–14·5 cm; 22–30 g. Male nominate race has forehead, crown and nape deep sky-blue, with diffuse green markings on crown; rest of head, neck and upperparts... read more

    Voice

    Song, delivered from ­concealed perch in forest canopy (singer very difficult to locate), a... read more

    Habitat

    Inhabits humid evergreen forest with tall trees, also forest edge, mostly in canopy. Sea-level to... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food items mainly arthropods, but also fleshy fruits and berries. Forages mostly in canopy, also lower in forest edge. Searches... read more

    Breeding

    Nest-building in Mar and birds in breeding condition Mar and May in Belize; nesting recorded in May in Panama. Nest a mossy cup, placed at... read more

    Movements

    Apparently entirely sedentary; territorial throughout year.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common in Mexico and N Central America; said to be not common in Belize; locally common in Costa Rica and common but somewhat local... read more

    Recommended citation

    Brewer, D. (2018). Green Shrike-vireo (Vireolanius pulchellus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61237 on 26 September 2018).