Family Jacamars (Galbulidae)

Least Concern

Green-tailed Jacamar (Galbula galbula)


French: Jacamar vert German: Grünschwanz-Glanzvogel Spanish: Jacamará coliverde

Alcedo Galbula


, 1766,

Cayenne and Brazil = Cayenne


Traditionally considered to form a species-group with G. ruficauda, G. tombacea, G. cyanescens and G. pastazae. Thought to have hybridized with G. leucogastra in Suriname. Monotypic.


E Colombia (Vichada, Meta), S & E Venezuela (S of R Orinoco), the Guianas and N Brazil (S to lower reaches of R Madeira and R Tapajós).

Descriptive notes

18–22 cm; 18–29 g. Male has upperparts and chestband shining metallic coppery green, usually more bluish on crown and sides of head; primaries dull black; tail... read more


Song accelerating “peeo peeo peea pee-pee-pee-pee-pe-pe-pe-e-e-e-e’e’e’e... read more


Borders (but not interior) of humid terra firme, várzea, gallery and... read more

Food and feeding

Predominantly Hymenoptera (e.g. Ichneumonidae), but also Lepidoptera, Hemiptera, Diptera (Brachycera), Coleoptera (e.g. Chrysomelidae,... read more


Breeds in Feb–Mar in Venezuela, in May–Jun and Aug in Surinam, and in Apr and Sept in Brazil. Burrow excavated in low bank or... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally common, at least in coastal portions of its range and in river valleys of S Venezuela (e.g. R Orinoco, R Caura, R Paragua). The commonest... read more

Recommended citation

Tobias, J., Züchner, T. & de Melo Júnior, T.A. (2018). Green-tailed Jacamar (Galbula galbula). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2018).