French: Tohi à queue verte German: Grünschwanz-Grundammer Spanish: Toquí coliverde
no locality = Ross’s Creek, about 20 miles [c. 32 km] south-west of Blackfoot, Bingham County, Idaho, USA
W USA from SC & C Oregon, SE Washington, S Idaho, SC Montana and Wyoming, possibly also WC South Dakota, S to SW & E California (principally E of Sierras), N & C Arizona, WC & NE New Mexico, and C Colorado, W Oklahoma (rare) and SW Texas, and in extreme NW Mexico (N Baja California); non-breeding S California E to W Texas, S in Mexico to S Baja California, Jalisco, Michoacán, Puebla and Tamaulipas.
15·7–18 cm; 21·5–39·4 g. Large, long-tailed sparrow, adult with unstreaked underparts. Has blackish forehead, rusty cap and white supraloral... read more
Song consists of lively clear, whistled notes, “wheeet clurr cheeeweee-churrr”, or... read more
Diverse shrub communities (often following fire), including dry shrubby hillsides and second growth... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds primarily on insects and other small animal items, probably augmented with seeds, and some fruit when available. In winter, probably... read more
Season May to early Jul In Utah, from Apr in S of range, and sometimes not until Jun in high-elevation sites; probably double-brooded.... read more
Migratory; migrates at night. Spring migration Feb–May. Arrival in S breeding areas begins in mid-... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common. Populations evidently stable. Adversely affected by habitat degradation, such as destruction of sagebrush and reseeding with grasses... read more
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