Differences in display and behaviour do not suggest particularly close relationship with L. victoriae; may be closest to Ramphomicron. N races (all except nominate and boliviana) have been proposed as a separate species#R, based mainly on differences in tail coloration and size, but these differences appear to be weak and clinal#R. Race boliviana sometimes treated as synonym of nominate. Proposed race eucharis (from mountains near Huánuco, in C Peru; formerly thought to have come from Colombia) provisionally placed in L. victoriae but then moved to present species; now thought to be a hybrid between the two, as is chlorura (C Peru)#R. Seven subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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