Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Green-throated Mango (Anthracothorax viridigula)


French: Mango à cravate verte German: Smaragdkehl-Mangokolibri Spanish: Mango gorjiverde

Trochilus viridigula


, 1783,



Recent phylogenetic study based on plumage colour spectra suggested that this was the second most basal species within genus#R. Apparently close to A. prevostii, A. nigricollis and A. veraguensis. Monotypic.


Trinidad, NE Venezuela and the Guianas to N Brazil (R Negro E through Amapá to N Maranhão).

Descriptive notes

10·5–12·5 cm; male 7·5–8·5 g, female 6·0 g; records of 11 g for female are possibly of egg-laying individuals. Male has... read more


Rather silent. Song apparently undescribed. Call in flight, when hovering at flowers, a repeated “... read more


Coastal regions, including mangrove, marshy savanna and similar open swamp-like habitats with... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering native and introduced trees, e.g. Erythrina, Caesalpinia, Tabebuia, Cordia, ... read more


Nests found year-round but chiefly Jan–Mar (Guianas). Small cup-shaped nest built on horizontal branch in large tree, normally above... read more


Sedentary along coastal areas; follows flowering seasons of trees inland.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Locally common, particularly in mangrove swamps and marshy coastal areas; less numerous inland. Has become a rather rare... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Green-throated Mango (Anthracothorax viridigula). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).