Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Green-throated Mountain-gem (Lampornis viridipallens)


French: Colibri vert-d’eau German: Grünkehlnymphe Spanish: Colibrí gorjiescamoso

T[rochilus] viridi-pallens

Bourcier and Mulsant

, 1846,

Cobán, Vera Paz, Guatemala


Closely related to L. sybillae, with which has been considered conspecific. Races ovandensis and nubivagus weakly differentiated; perhaps better treated as synonyms of nominate. Proposed race connectens, known from single specimen from N El Salvador, falls within normal range of variation of nominate. Four subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. v. amadoni J. S. Rowley, 1968 – Sierra Atravesada (SE Oaxaca), in S Mexico.
  • L. v. ovandensis (Brodkorb, 1939) – highlands of SE Mexico (Chiapas) and NW Guatemala.
  • L. v. viridipallens (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) – highlands of E Guatemala, extreme N El Salvador and W Honduras.
  • L. v. nubivagus Dickey & van Rossem, 1929 – El Salvador (Santa Ana Volcano).
  • Descriptive notes

    11–12 cm; c. 5·4 g. Male has straight black bill; upperparts green, bronzy on rump, postocular stripe white, ear-coverts darkish, uppertail-coverts bluish black... read more


    Presumed song a complex warble of squeaky notes and buzzy, gurgling trills, “tsee-tsee-glr-tsee-glr... read more


    Edge and interior of humid evergreen and pine-oak forest, at 900–2700 m. Forages from low to... read more

    Food and feeding

    No specific food plants have been recorded. Presumably feeds on nectar of similar flowering plants as L. amethystinus, like... read more


    Mar–Apr, Jun–Jul. No further data available.



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in North Central American Highlands EBA. Generally common, though parts of habitat are under threat of... read more

    Recommended citation

    Züchner, T. & Boesman, P. (2020). Green-throated Mountain-gem (Lampornis viridipallens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).